RefNoX782
TitleLetters addressed to David Mushet at Alfreton Iron Works, Derbyshire and Coleford, Gloucestershire
AdminHistoryDavid Mushet (1772 - 1847) was a Scottish-born metallurgist and authority on the manufacture of iron. The chief of Mushet's inventions, all of which relate to improvements in the methods of manufacturing iron and steel, was the one patented in 1800 for the preparation of steel from bar-iron by a direct process. The patent was sold to a Sheffield firm for £3,000.

From 1792 Mushet was employed by the Clyde Iron Works until his dismissal in 1800. He was then at the Calder Iron Works until 1805, when he came to England. By 1807 he was at the Alfreton Iron Works, Derbyshire, while from 1812 he is described as 'of Coleford, Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire' where he had property in the district.

He died at Monmouth on 13 Jun 1847.

His youngest son was Robert Forester Mushet (1811 - 1891), also a metallurgist. In 1870 Samuel Osborn met Robert Forester Mushet, an iron master working in the Forest of Dean where he was producing a new alloy steel, considered far superior to crucible steel. Osborn bought the sole rights to manufacture 'R. Mushet's Special Steel' (R.M.S) and Mushet's two sons, Henry and Edward, moved up to Sheffield to oversee its manufacture.

Source: Dictionary of National Biography [note: the DNB dates David Mushet at the Alfreton Iron Works from 1808, but a letter in this collection dates him at the Alfreton Iron Works from 27 Jan 1807].
DescriptionCorrespondence (23 letters), 1807 - 1840 (X782/1).
Date1807 - 1840
Extent23 items
AccessStatusOpen
LevelCollection
RelatedMaterialSheffield City Archives:

Records of the Mushet Family, [c.1709] - 1950s (X463)
Fred M. Osborn, The Story of the Mushets, 1952 (OSB/MUS)
Letter to James Montgomery from Agnes Mushet, wife of David Mushet, of Coleford, Gloucestershire, 19 Jan 1837, (SLPS/36/1111)
Records relating to the marketing of Mushet steel,1867 - c.1888 (MD1193-1198)
Letter from David Mushet at Coleford to Mr Stodart at the Strand, London, 3 May 1820 (MD6171)

Sheffield Local Studies Library:

David Mushet, Papers on iron and steel, practical and experimental, 1840 (669.1)
Ralph Anstis, Man of iron - man of steel: the lives of David and Robert Mushet (Albion House: 1997) (B.MUSH S)

Gloucestershire Archives:
Correspondence etc., 19th cent. (see their online catalogue).
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