Ref NoGB-110/JES/COR/11/68
TitleSamuel Goodenough, Carlisle, [Cumberland], to James Edward Smith, Surry Street, Norwich, Norfolk
DescriptionForwarded Smith's letter to [George] Don, did not know that 'Limosella' cannot be found in Scotland but remembers it growing on Hounslow Heath and cultivating it in his Ealing garden. There are no naturalists in the Carlisle area or anyone to collect plants. Lists plants he has observed in the area: the variety of 'Plantago maritima' called 'Loeflingii' by [William] Hudson, in elevated moist positions, smaller and with untoothed leaves, does Smith know of it growing in such conditions away from the sea; 'Salix pentandria' in all the moist hedges; 'Campanula latifolia' in shady lanes by Rose Castle; 'Fumaria capreolata' in cornfields amongst turnips, contrary to Smith's statement that it is a southern plant; 'Senecio sarracenicus', possibly escaped from a garden; 'Sanguisorba officinalis', a favourite Oxfordshire plant; 'Serapias latifolia'; 'Salix repens'; a tree called bird-cherry or heckberry, possibly 'Prunus padus'; 'Rubus corylifolius' is common. The hills and wastes are in a wild state and covered with 'Erica vulgaris', 'Juncus squarrosus', 'Tormentilla reptans', 'Lichen rangiferinus' and similar.

Received letter from Hugh Davies complaining that [Edward] Donovan [(1768-1837), zoologist] has attacked him and [Thomas] Pennant over the Beaumaris shark and trifurcated hake in Pennant's "British Zoology", claiming that Pennant did not refer to Davies' figure but instead fabricated his own, and that Pennant makes Davies guilty of gross misrepresentation over the trifurcated hake; Donovan concludes that these fabricated figures left Goodenough wrongly informed in his "Linnean Transactions" paper on the Porbeagle shark, and Donovan is convinced that the Beaumaris and Porbeagle sharks are the same. Goodenough convinced that both his and Pennant's figures are exact and the sharks are different. Exasperated by those, like [Richard] Salisbury, "thinking to raise themselves at other people's expense" and "carping jealousies" engendered by learned societies.

Rose Castle prettily situated but six miles from the nearest badly supplied market town and the house thermometer is already halfway between temperate and freezing.
Date1 Oct 1808
Extent4 pp
Related MaterialFor Davies' account of the dispute to Smith, including transcripts and drawings of disputed items, see JES/COR/4/27; JES/COR/4/30. For Goodenough's further comments see JES/COR/11/79; JES/COR/11/80. For Goodenough's letter on Porbeagle shark found at Hastings see JES/COR/11/16.

Pennant, T, (1770). "British zoology" London: B. White.

Goodenough, S, 'A Description of the Porbeagle Shark, the Squalus Cornubicus of Gmelin', "Transactions of the Linnean Society of London", 1797 3(1), pp.80-83.
Publn_NoteSmith, P (ed.), (1832). "Memoir and correspondence of... Sir James Edward Smith" London: Longman, vol 1, pp.570-573 [section on Donovan and Davies not transcribed].
Finding_AidsDawson, W R, (1934). "Catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of The Linnean Society - Part I. The Smith papers: The correspondence and miscellaneous papers of Sir James Edward Smith", London: Linnean Society.
Creator NameGoodenough, Samuel (1743-1827)
GB/110/1/35Goodenough; Samuel (1743-1827); Bishop of Carlisle1743-1827
GB/110/1/32Don; George (1764-1814); clockmaker and nurseryman1764-1814
GB/110/1/146Davies; Hugh (1739-1821); Church of England clergyman and botanist1739-1821
GB/110/1/36Pennant; Thomas (1726-1798); naturalist, traveller and writer1726-1798
GB/110/1/15Salisbury; Richard Anthony (1761-1829); botanist and horticulturist1761-1829
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