TitleJackson Collection
AdminHistoryThis collection comprises the manuscripts, books and other items acquired by three generations of the Jackson family of Sheffield, namely Henry Jackson senior (1771 - 1836), Henry Jackson junior ( - 1866) and Arthur Jackson (1844 -1895). In addition there are papers of Joseph Hunter (1783 - 1861) which were purchased by Arthur Jackson at a Phillipps sale in 1895. Additional papers were purchased from representatives of William Swift (1818 - 1874). In 1912 Henry Jackson (Arthur’s brother) presented the papers to the City of Sheffield.

A catalogue of the Jackson collection, complied by T. Walter Hall (‘citizen’ member of the Public Libraries and Museums Committee) and A. Hermann Thomas (lecturer in history at the University of Sheffield) was originally published in 1914. It focused particularly on the early deeds and papers written in Medieval Latin, French and English, though it did list a considerable number of the later documents. It appears that the documents were originally numbered in the order in which they were found and were placed in date order when the catalogue was printed. This would explain the fact that the 1914 catalogue was not arranged in numerical order. The original catalogue reference number is now given as the Alternative Reference Number (AltRefNo). Note that [alternative reference] numbers JC/1 through to JC/234 were never used. (Original numbers JC/852-JC/899, JC/921-JC/1049, JC/1270-JC/1271 and JC/1283 were not used.) The original catalogue covered documents JC/234 to JC/1314. Documents JC/1315 onwards were catalogued later.

In March 1895, certain of Joseph Hunter's papers, which had become the property of Sir Thomas Phillipps, were sold at Sotheby’s. The most important of them were bought by the Sheffield Free Library, but Arthur Jackson bought some lots.

Henry Jackson, senior, (1771 - 1836) surgeon of Sheffield
Born Wentbridge, near Pontefract, 1771. Married Olivia Sayle. Two children survived into adulthood - Olivia (1801 - 1870) and Henry (1806 - 1866). Educated at Hatfield near Doncaster. Apprenticed to William Lunn, surgeon of Sheffield, he continued his medical studies at St. Thomas's Hospital [London]. After a year in Edinburgh, he established himself in Fargate (Sheffield) as a General Practitioner. In 1800 he moved to a house in St. James's Row. It would seem that, though not an antiquary, Henry Jackson Sr., began the family collection. For a more detailed biography see Hall, T Walter and Thomas, A Hermann, Descriptive Catalogue of the … Jackson Collection (Sheffield, 1914)

Henry Jackson, junior ( - 1866), surgeon, of Sheffield
Married Frances Swettenham. At least two children, Arthur (1844 - ) and Henry ( - ). Educated at Rev. Peter Wright's school in Sheffield and later at Bingley Grammar School. Apprenticed to his father. In 1828 he studied anatomy at Dublin under James McCartney, and surgery under James W. Cusack. In 1830 he moved to London, working at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital. In the same year he obtained his diplomas at the College of Surgeons and the Apothecaries' Hall. He later returned to Sheffield to work with his father and he became surgeon to the Sheffield Infirmary in Sep 1832. Henry has a keen interest in local history, collecting books printed at Sheffield and local manuscripts. For a more detailed biography see Hall, T Walter and Thomas, A Hermann, 'Descriptive Catalogue of the … Jackson Collection' (Sheffield, 1914). Letters to his father were published in Oct-Dec 1904 in St. Bartholomew's Hospital Journal.

Arthur Jackson (1844 -1895), surgeon of Sheffield
Educated at Sheffield Collegiate School and at Cheltenham College. Married in 1895. In 1864 he became surgical dresser and house surgeon at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. After his father’s death in 1866 he began a private practice in Sheffield in addition to working at Sheffield Infirmary. Active in local politics with an interest in sanitary reform. He was also keenly interested in local history and the books and manuscripts he inherited from his father. Joseph Hunter, the local antiquary, and William swift, a neighbour and also an antiquary, was a frequent visitor to the Jackson home.

William Swift (1818 - 1874)
Born near Chesterfield. Swift began life as clerk in the office of a Chesterfield lawyer; but at the age of eighteen entered the service of John Brown, solicitor, of St. James's Row, Sheffield. He acquired numerous historical and genealogical papers, which were later purchased by Arthur Jackson.
DescriptionYorkshire Deeds part 1 (to 1599), [late 12th cent] - 1599 (JC/1)
Yorkshire Deeds part 2, 1600 - 1809 (JC/2)
Deeds relating to Kirkstall Abbey [Leeds, West Yorkshire], 1345 - c. 1615 JC/3)
Deeds relating to land and property in Derbyshire part 1, to 1599 (JC/4)
Deeds relating to land and property in Derbyshire part 2, 1600 to 1817 (JC/5)
Deeds relating to land and property in Nottinghamshire, [13th cent] - 1730 (JC/6)
Deeds regarding land and property in Lincolnshire, 1508 - 1743 (JC/7)
Deed regarding land and property in Warwickshire, 1654 - 1655 (JC/8)
Deed regarding land and property in Rutland, 1585 (JC/9)
Deed regarding land and property in Norfolk, 1467 (JC/10)
Deeds regarding land and property in Suffolk, 1361 - 1680 (JC/11)
Deeds regarding land and property in Essex, 1561 - 1572 (JC/12)
Deeds regarding land and property in Middlesex, 1652 - 1721 (JC/13)
Miscellaneous Documents, [13th cent] - 1854 (JC/14)
Joseph Hunter's (1783 - 1861) Manuscripts, 19th cent (JC/15)
Pedigrees, 19th cent] (JC/16)
Pamphlets, Tracts, etc., 19th cent (JC/17)
Newspapers and Newspaper Cuttings / Scrapbooks, etc, 19th cent (JC/18)
Monumental Inscriptions, [c. 1894 - 1895] (JC/19)
Local Bills, Reports and Acts of Parliament, 1624 - 1867 (JC/20)
Legal Drafts, Copy Documents and legal Documents, 1568 - 1870 (JC/21)
Miscellaneous items (JC/22)
Broadsheets etc regarding the Scissor Grinders combination and the response of the manufacturers of Sheffield, 1790 (JC/23)
Political cartoons and broadsheets, 19th cent (JC/24)
Methodist Preaching Circuits, 18133 - 1848 (JC/25)
Playbills, 19th cent (JC/26)
Sale Particulars / Sale Plans, 1797 - 1872 (JC/27)
Maps and Plans, c. 1668 - 1872 (JC/28)
Miscellaneous Printed Items, c. 1730 - 1889 (JC/29)
Engravings and illustrations, [18th - 19th cent] (JC/30)
Items transferred elsewhere (JC/31)

Conventions: it appears the 1914 catalogue Anglicised names at the first appearance using round brackets. For instance William Cocus first appears in JC/900/87 as William Cook (Cocus) but appears as William Cook thereafter. Thus the later catalogue entries aren't always an accurate reflection of the original wording.

Glossary (draft in hand)
Angel: an English gold coin, originally a new issue of the noble, having as its device the Archangel Michael standing on and piercing a dragon; its value varied. In the reign of Edward VI it was worth 10s (JC/900/173)
Approvement (JC/384): pieces taken from the waste and enclosed.
Bargain and Sale JC/257)
Barley corn rent (JC/449)
Behoof (JC/473) Use, benefit, advantage.
Bierlow (JC/237)
Boonday (JC/902/xlix): a day of unpaid service by a tenant for his lord.
Boons (JC/578): a gift, benefit or advantage.
Burgage (JC/900/174): A tenure whereby lands or tenements were held of the king or other lord, for a certain yearly rent.
Butts: A raised strip of cultivated land between two furrows, a ridge.
Caboshed (JC/484): a heraldic symbol.
Chivaler: a horseman.
Compotus roll (JC/383) (compotus is a reckoning or account)
Croft: A piece of enclosed ground, used for tillage or pasture: in most localities a small piece of arable land adjacent to a house.
Cummin (JC/246): a herb
Curtilage (JC/909/xii): the area attached to and containing a dwelling-house
Decollation:beheading - Feast of the Decollation [beheading] of St John the and Baptist, 29 Aug
Deed poll (JC/508): deed made and executed by one party only; so called because the paper or parchment is ‘polled’ or cut even, not indented.
Demesne: Possession (of real estate) as one's own. Chiefly in the phrase to hold in demesne (tenere in dominico.
Demise: to convey or transfer
Distrain (JC/239)
Dole (JC/644): portion of a common or undivided field.
Dower (JC/548): the portion of a deceased husband's estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.
Ell (JC/909/xii): a measure of land (45 inches)
Entail (JC/634)
eschaetor (JC/900/174): officer who takes notice of escheats; escheats were fiefs that reverted to the Lord when a tennaat died without a successor qualified to inherit
estovers: 'necessaries allowed by law’, especially wood which a tenant is privileged to take from his landlord's estate so far as it is necessary for repairing his house, hedges, implements, etc
Exemplification (JC/900/133): certified copy or transcript of a legal document
Falls (JC/721): a unit of measure
Fealty (JC/359): obligation of fidelity on the part of a feudal tenant to his lord
Fee farm (JC/120): that kind of tenure by which land is held in fee-simple subject to a perpetual fixed rent, without any other services; the estate of the tenant in land so held; rarely, the land itself.
Feofee: the person to whom a freehold estate in land is conveyed by a feoffment.
Feoffment: the action through which a person is invested with a freehold estate in lands by livery of seisin.
Final concord (JC/779): final agreement
Forinsec service (JC/244): foreign service
Fother or foother (JC/531) generally means a cart load of anything.
Frankalmoign (JC/236): feudal tenure by which a religious body could hold land perpetually, in principle without any secular obligations, in return for the performance of religious duties
Frankpledge - see View of Frankpledge
Garth (JC/900/170)
Gersum (JC/845)
Grote / Groate (JC/777): a coin
Hanaper (JC/827): repository for treasure or money
Haybote (JC/242)
Herbage rent (JC/383)
Homage (JC/476)
In gersuma
Inquisition Post Mortem (JC/900/174)
Jointure (JC/548)
Letters Patent (JC/269)
Licence of Alienation (JC/827)
Livery of seisin: ceremonial and public procedure under which legal possession of the freehold interest in property is granted by one person to another.
Lokhennys (JC/317) - possibly gift-hens, a very common form of rent for copyhold and even freehold land. Lok, loke , and lake are variant forms of a word bearing the meaning gift, in Old and Middle English.
Lozenge (JC/526)
Marriage settlement (JC/722)
Meerdishes (JC/568)
Moeity (JC/909/xiii)
mort d' ancestre (JC/239)
mutatis mutandis
Native tenant: villein or bondman (JC/848)
Noble (money) (JC/515)
Oyer and Terminer (JC/784)
Pennydole: a pennyland or denariate, so called from the ancient rent. They varied in extent in different localities, in Rawmarsh in the 1570s the pennydole contained 1 rod. The "Swathes of meadpw " were small plots of a quarter of a rod.(JC/900/122)
Peppercorn rent (JC/500)
Perch (JC/486)
Pingle (JC/437)
Portague: Portuguese gold coin, called "crusado," current in the 16th century, varying in value between £3 5s and £4 10s (JC/900/173)
Power of attorney
Precept (JC/804)
Primgaps (JC/568)
Quickset (JC/293)
Quitclaim (JC/779)
Recovery (JC/900/124)
re-enffeof (JC/638)
Reeveship (JC/909/v)
Rial: an English gold coin first issued by Edward IV in 1465 ; it varied in value. In 1544 it was worth 12s (JC/900/173)
Rod (or rood) (JC/486)
Rood see Rod
Rouse (JC/716)
Seignory (JC/697)
Seisin: possession of
Selion (JC/900/145)
Socage (JC/900/174)
Storth (JC/691)
Subpoena (JC/364)
suit of novel disseisin (JC/239)
Theame (JC/284) - the right of taking the firstfruits of their stock
Theoloneum (JC/284) - the right of taking toll, possibly from passers-by
Tincell - see Tynsell
Tol (JC/284) - the right of tallaging one's villeins
Tynsell (JC672) - an obsolete word meaning brushwood for fencing. See Oxford Dictionary, also JC/670 where the word is spelt tincell.
View of frankpledge (JC/759)
Writ Capiendi Recognicionem (JC/518)
Date12th - 19th cent
Extentc. 1,465 items
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