Alternative Reference number2001/57
TitleTennant Brothers Ltd, Exchange Brewery, Bridge Street, Sheffield and Associated Breweries
AdminHistoryThe business was based at Exchange Brewery, Bridge Street. The early history of Tennant Brothers goes back to 1820, when the business was established by Proctor and Company in the Market Place. In 1840 saw the beginning of the Tennant interest in the business, with brothers Edward and Robert running the company, joined by Thomas Moore in 1847.

In 1852 the Duke of Norfolk chose to have a new market erected on the original brewery site, so the business transferred to Bridge Street.

In 1882 the Exchange Brewery was registered as a public company. During the twentieth century the business expanded to become Sheffield’s and Yorkshire’s leading breweries. In 1916 it acquired A. H. Smith’s Don Brewery; in 1918 acquired Strout’s Burton Road Brewery and in 1924 acquired Berry’s Moorhead Brewery. All brewing at these companies ceased and was transferred to Bridge Street.

In 1944 the business and assets of the Nottingham Brewery Company were acquired. This was a significant takeover, as the Nottingham Brewery’s subsidiaries included the Wellow Brewery in Grimsby, the Cardington Brewery Company in Bedfordshire and James Rose and Company of Nettleton in Lincolnshire. Brewing in Nottingham continued until 1952, and when these ceased, Tennant’s retained the “Rock Ales” made famous by the Nottingham Brewery Company.

In 1954 it joint acquired with Stones’ Sheffield Free Brewery. In 1958 they acquired Clarkson’s Old Brewery of Wood Street, Barnsley, with its 58 public houses. 1959 saw the last of Tennant Brothers’ acquisitions, that of the Workshop and Retford Breweries at the Priorwell Brewery, Worksop, with 192 pubs.

By the early 1960s Tennant Brothers had around 700 pubs. These were acquired by Whitbread when a merger took place. From 4 Sep 1969 Tennant Brothers became known as Whitbread (Yorkshire) Limited and this name was changed from 1 Oct 1972 to Whitbread East Pennines Limited. The Exchange Brewery finally closed down in 1993.

The Exchange Brewery produced a number of well-known beers during the first half of the twentieth century, including the Lion Pale Ale (winner of the Prix d’Excellence at Brussels in 1958), the Wharncliffe Ale (dark mild), the Fitzalan (light mild) and the Queen’s Ale (best and ordinary).

Administrative history taken from Bygone Breweries of Sheffield by Dave Parry, Don Parry and Alan Walker, pages 21 - 22 [1981], available in Sheffield City Archives Search Room (PAR/BUS, SYCRO 1442).
DescriptionDirector's Minutes Books 1882 - 1983 (MD7518/1).

AGM and ordinary general meeting minute books 1882 - 1987 (MD7518/2).

Management Committee Meeting Minutes 1953 - 1969 (MD7518/3).

Balance sheets and accounts 1901 - 1963 (MD7518/4).

Registers 1883 - 1967 (MD7518/5).

Share registers 1906 - 1965 (MD7518/6).

Miscellaneous leases, tenancy agreements, other agreements, securities etc 1898 - 1955 (MD7518/7).

Private ledgers and journals 1917 - 1956 (MD7518/8).

Salaries books 1917 - 1962 (MD7518/9).

Payments by cheque books 1961 - 1966 (MD7518/10).

Cash books, pensions and wages etc 1950 - 1969 (MD7518/11).

Property ledgers, various c. 1930 - 1977 (MD7518/12).

Deeds and documents Oct 1789 - 1957 (MD7518/13).

Brewing books, various 1952 - 1973 (MD7518/14).

Beer duty books 1965 - 1975 (MD7518/15).

Brewing journals 1891 - 1960 (MD7518/16).

Brewing disposals books 1959 - 1964 (MD7518/17).

Brewing costs books 1955 - 1967 (MD7518/18).

Brewing notebooks 1945 - 1971 (MD7518/19).

Correspondence between Tennants and other breweries regarding possible takeovers etc 1932 - 1961 (MD7518/20).

Reports Nov 1891 - 31 Dec 1962 (MD7518/21).

Plans 3 May 1890 - Nov 1969 (MD7518/22).

Miscellaneous items 1897 - 1995 (MD7518/23).

Associated companies 1825 - 1972 (MD7518/24):

The Gold Label Barley Wine Company Limited 1958 - 1970 (MD7518/24/1).

William Hickling and Son Limited 1922 - 1970 (MD7518/24/2).

Home Bottlers Limited 1935 - 1970 (MD7518/24/3).

Laing and Company Limited Nov 1922 - 1970 (MD7518/24/4).

Porter and Wright and Company Limited Jul 1929 - Apr 1970 (MD7518/24/5).

Wiley and Company Limited c. Jul 1873 - Mar 1972 (MD7518/24/6).
Date1789 - 1995
Extent241 items
RelatedMaterialSheffield City Archives:

'Thomas Berry & Company Limited, Moorhead Brewery, Sheffield' 1899 - 1924 (MD7519).

'Sheffield Free Brewery Company Limited, Queens Road, Sheffield' 1911 - 1924 (MD7520).

'Old Albion Brewery Company Limited, Ecclesall Road, Sheffield' 1900 - 1970 (MD7521).

'A. H. Smith and Company Limited' 1893 - 1991 (X816).

'Strouts Brewery Company Limited' 1885 - 1991 (X817).

‘Papers relating to sales to Tennant Brothers Ltd.; property: The Belle Vue Hotel, Sheffield’ 1915 (ACM/65434/42).

‘Sheffield City Council Minutes: Tennant Brothers, Limited, and Others, Agreement with, for Discharge of Water into Millsands Goit, pages 776, 782’ Dec 1900 - Nov 1901 (CA-MIN/36).

‘Sheffield City Council Watch Committee Minutes: Tennant Brothers, cheque for alteration of premises and exchange of land, page 345’ Jun 1864 - Jul 1868 (CA-WAC/1/5).

‘Sheffield City Council, Planning Department: Bridge Street, Alterations and Additions. Owner: Tennant Brothers Limited’ 19 Nov 1915 (CA206/25519).

‘Sheffield City Council, Planning Department: Gleadless Road, Sheffield, Tennant Brothers Ltd Public house with living accommodation; 20 maisonettes and 2 garages at Newfield Green shopping centre for Sheffield City Council, Housing Development Committee’ 1963 - 1965 (CA206/55297).

‘Sheffield City Council, Planning Department: Planning Applications inherited from Chesterfield Rural District Council: Birley Moor Avenue/Crescent, Frecheville - public house. Original Chesterfield Rural District Council ref. 11037 155/28. Applicant: Tennant Brothers Ltd’ 1955 – 1956 (CA519/369).

‘Sheffield City Council, Town Clerk's files regarding the Sheffield Corporation Act, 1939: Correspondence and papers relating to the acquisition by the Corporation of property owned by Tennant Brothers Ltd. for the purpose of street improvements under the 1939 Corporation Bill’ Jan - Aug 1939 (CA662/67).

‘Sheffield City Council: Resources - Transport and Facilities Management: deeds relating to land and premises in Sheffield (formerly 'The Deeds Registry'): 'The Garden Gate Inn' public house, Harvest Lane (5482). Includes copy will of Joseph Machan, 1818 and Abstracts of Title, 1891 and 1923 (Tennant Brothers Limited), 1831 – 1923 (CA778/5482).

‘Sheffield City Council: Resources - Transport and Facilities Management: deeds relating to land and premises in Sheffield (formerly 'The Deeds Registry'): The 'New Inn', Penistone Road (8627), schedule lists an assignment (not present): Tennant Brothers Limited to Sheffield Corporation, 1958’ 1807 – 1930 (CA778/8627).

‘D H Coupe, Albion Brewery, Ecclesall Road, Sheffield, later owned by Tennant Brothers: Queens Head Inn, floor plans, Flockton & Gibbs’ 1881 (MD7527).

‘Documents relating to the purchase of Joseph Haywood and Company, Glamorgan Works, Pond Street, Sheffield: 13. Conveyance from Thomas Jessop to Tennant Brothers regarding the 'Lyceum' public house dated 29 Jul 1886’ 1902 (NVT/1/5).

‘Bygone Breweries of Sheffield’ [1981] (PAR/BUS, SYCRO 1442).

‘Crescent Hotel, Green Lane, Sheffield: Receipts (pasted in back of book) for payment of quarterly rent of £7 10s received from Mr W Brown by: A H Smith and Co Ltd, Sheffield, Feb 1917 - Aug 1918 and The Exchange Brewery (Tennant Brothers), Sheffield, Nov 1918 - May 1921’ 1911 – 1921 (X167/1).

'Purchase of the 'Royal Oak' Corby Street from Tennant Bros Limited: Correspondence concerning purchase of the 'Royal Oak', Corby Street, Sheffield from Tennant Brothers Limited, Exchange Brewery, Sheffield’ 1927 – 1928 (X306/6/3/14).

‘Various Architectural Plans: Plans and elevations of mostly business properties in Grimsby, Hull, Sheffield and Worksop. Properties possibly relate to the Exchange Brewery business’ 19th - 20th century (X410).
‘Victorian Sheffield in advertisements’ David Parry 1984 (PAR/LOCAL).

Sheffield Local Studies:

‘H.M.S. Sheffield: a historical brochure produced for the occasion of the opening of the "Shiny Sheff" public house, Crimicar Lane, on 22 April 1969 Tennant Brothers Ltd.’ In Local pamphlets volume 4 number 2, and volume 26 number 6 1969 p45 (042 SSTQ, 359.0942 SQ and 359.0942 SSTQ).

‘Tennant Brothers new public house on Crimicar Lane is to be named "The Shiny Sheff" to commemorate the cruiser HMS Sheffield’. Bound in Quality of Sheffield volume 15 number 6 June 1968 p35 (380 SQ).

‘Sheffield's real heritage pubs - pub interiors of historic interest’ Dave Pickersgill 2017 (647.9542 SQ)

‘Local Studies Collection of Billheads: General Industrial ’. (MP Folder 30).

‘Bygone breweries of Sheffield : a summary of the brewing trade in the city 100 years ago’ David Parry [1981] (663.3 SQ and 663.3 SSTQ) and a copy available at Sheffield Central Library (338.47).

‘Victorian Sheffield in advertisements’ David Parry 1984 (338.4 SQ and 338.4 SSTQ).

‘The noted breweries of Great Britain and Ireland. Volumes.3 and 4’ Alfred Barnard 1890 – 1891 (663.3 S and 663.3 SST).
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