RefNoMD7951
Alternative Reference number1992/61
TitleTravel Journals and Diaries, Wentworth-Fitzwilliam family
AdminHistoryThis set of nine diaries appear to relate to members of the Fitzwilliam (later Wentworth-Fitzwilliam) family. They were passed to Sheffield City Archives in 1992 by a descendant of an agent to Wentworth Woodhouse. They have been identified as follows:

1. Journal (1835-1883) of Mary Thompson [Lady Mary Wentworth-FitzWilliam] (2 May 1810 - 15 May 1893). Married Leonard Thompson, Esq. Daughter of Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl Fitzwilliam and Mary Dundas.

2. Journal (1837-1883). Author unidentified.

3-4. Diaries (2 vols) (1848-1858; 1859-1866) of Georgiana Lucy Bridgeman Eyre (nee Simpson), (1808-1898); wife of Major General Sir William Eyre K.C.B. (1805-1859) of Bilton Hall near Rugby, Warwickshire.

5. Travel journal (1857) of Orlando John George Bridgeman-Simpson (1838-1907) born 27 Aug 1838. Son of Reverend William Bridgeman-Simpson and Lady Frances Laura Wentworth Fitzwilliam. He married Catherine Maria Cotes, daughter of John Cotes and Lady Louisa Harriet Jenkinson, on 30 April 1873. Died 5 Jul 1907 aged 68. Sole executor of the will of Arthur Hardolph Eyre.

6-7. Journals (2 vols) (1869-1870; 1870-1873) of Arthur Hardolph Eyre. Born Nov 1851; died aged 22 in the Third Anglo-Ashanti War on 4 Feb 1874. Son of Major General Sir William Eyre. K.C.B. and Georgiana Lucy Bridgeman Eyre. The Will of Arthur Hardolph Eyre late of Bilton near Rugby in the County of Warwick Esquire, a Lieutenant in Her Majesty's 90th Regiment of Light Infantry, was proved at the Principal Registry by Orlando John George Bridgeman-Simpson of Wentbridge near Pontefract, the sole Executor.

The Third Anglo-Ashanti War occurred from 1873 to 1874. British General Garnet Wolseley led 2,500 British troops and several thousand Indian and African troops against the Ashanti Empire. The British defeated the Ashanti in the Battle of Amoaful on 31 Jan 1873. The Ashanti capital of Kumasi was briefly occupied by the British and then burned. The war ended in Jul 1874 when the Ashanti signed the Treaty of Fomena. Extracts from the book 'The Drums of Kumasi' by Alan Lloyd (Longmans Green & Company Ltd, London: 1964) mention Arthur Hardolph Eyre: 'On one occasion, an army of 'loyal' tribesmen, advancing under Lieutenant Eyre of the 90th Regiment, was so perturbed by the sight of a few dead Ashantis that many of them refused to go any further until Eyre drew his revolver and levelled it at their heads.' (p.79); 'Lieutenant Arthur Eyre, another bright young man from the 'Ambriz, joined Wood at the front, feeling sick to the bone. Eyre had been down with illness several times already, but had driven himself hard to keep up with the column above all to see Kumasi.' (p.132); 'I saw Eyre lying by the path: his face pillowed on a comrade's arm, already bore the ghastly impress of death. A little while before, Colonel Wood had bade him farewell. Stooping down, he kissed his cheek, and Eyre drawing a ring from his finger, said 'give this to my mother.' (p.113).

8-9. Journals (2 vols) (1870-1871; 1871) detailing a voyage to Australia and the South Sea Islands, undertaken from Mar 1871 on H.M.S. Blanche. Author unidentified.
DescriptionDiaries and travel journals:
Mary Thompson, 1835-1883 (MD7951/1)
Author unknown, 1837-1870 (MD7951/2)
Georgiana Lucy Bridgeman Eyre, 1948-1966 (2 vols) (MD7951/3-4)
Orlando John George Bridgeman-Simpson, 1857 (MD7951/5)
Arthur Hardolph Eyre, 1869-1873 (2 vols) (MD7951/6-7)
Account of voyage to Australia and South Sea Islands, author unknown, 1870-1871 ( 2 vols) (MD7951/8-9)
Date1835 - 1873
Extent9 items
AccessStatusOpen
LevelCollection
RelatedMaterialSheffield City Archives:
Wentworth Woodhouse Muniments (WWM).
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