TitleWortley Poor Law Union Board of Guardians
AdminHistoryPoor Law Unions were established under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. This Act grouped individual parishes into unions, thus replacing the parish overseers of the poor. Unions, could if they wished, build workhouses. The unions were governed by Boards of Guardians. Guardians were subject to an annual election. Boards of Guardians were abolished in 1930 under the Local Government Act of 1929. Most of their functions were transferred to local authority Public Assistance Departments. Workhouses became known as Public Assistance Institutions.

Formed in 1838, the Wortley Poor Law Union initially comprised the townships of Bradfield, Ecclesfield, Hoylandswaine, Hunshelf, Ingbirchworth, Langsett, Oxspring, Penistone, Tankersley, Thurgoland, Thurlstone and Wortley.

On 27 July 1849 the townships of Hoylandswaine, Hunshelf, Ingbirchworth, Langsett, Oxspring, Penistone, Thurgoland and Thurlstone were separated from Wortley Union and joined with Cawthorne, Clayton West, Denby, Gunthwaite, High Hoyland, Kexborough and Silkstone to form Penistone Union. From that date Wortley Union comprised Bradfield, Ecclesfield, Tankersley and Wortley.

A workhouse was erected at Grenoside in 1850-1.
DescriptionMinutes, 1838 - 1929
Minute books of the School Attendance Committee, 1877 - 1904
General Ledger, 1923 - 1925
Date1838 - 1929
Extent50 items
RelatedMaterialFor further records of Wortley Union, 1869-1930, see Sheffield Archives, City Archives CA527/1-8.

Related Material Held Elsewhere:

The John Goodchild Collection at West Yorkshire Archive Service, Wakefield includes the following items relating to the Penistone Union Workhouse:
Inventory books, 1908 - 1914, 1930.
Visiting committee book, 1905 - 1948, includes inserts of orders for the detention of persons of unsound mind.
Medical Officer's record of examination of children, 1914 - 1918.
Master's journal, 1931 - 1932 gives details of inmates.
Register of births, 1914 - 1935.
Master's report books, 1926 - 1928, 1931 - 1932, 1933 - 1935 and 1943 - 1945.

Registers of inmates and deaths for Penistone Public Assistance Institution (formerly Penistone Workhouse), 1913 - 1973 are held at Barnsley Archives (ref. A/3390/C). Barnsley Archives also holds a minute book of the Penistone Poor Law Union Assessment Committee, 1892 - 1909 (ref. SY652).
CustodialHistoryOn the abolition of South Yorkshire County Council on 31 March 1986, the records passed from South Yorkshire County Record Office, by agreement of the four South Yorkshire District Councils, to the custody of Sheffield Archives as lead authority.
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